What are Affidavits, and When Would You Need One?
An affidavit is a written statement of fact that is made voluntarily by an affiant under an oath or affirmation which is administered by an individual who is authorized to do so by law such as a mobile notary public. It is obligatory to swear that facts contained in an affidavit are true and correct.
One would also need to sign an affidavit in the presence of witnesses and a state officer as an impartial witness (notary public). Nowadays, mobile notary services are getting popular for such purposes where a notary public travels to your location to notarize the affidavits and related documents on the spot.
As affidavits are of many types, it is essential to know why you need to prepare one. While a notary public is impartial during this process and shouldn't provide any legal advice on creating affidavits. Notary public's role in this process to verify the affiant(s) identities and witness their signatures of the affidavit. Below is brief information about different types of affidavits.
Affidavit of Heirship
This document helps distribute assets among the heirs when a spouse or close relative dies. It testifies the relationship of an individual with the diseased.
Affidavit of Residence
An affidavit of residence verifies one's home address. You might need an affidavit of residence for your child's school admission or tax and business reasons.
Affidavit of Name Change
If you have changed your name, you might have to verify that it was done legally. An affidavit with your old and new names and the state in which the change was done would serve the purpose.
A financial affidavit verifies one's financial status, such as yearly income, savings, etc. Such a document is usually required after a divorce.
Affidavit of Death
When you need to testify the passing of a person to a court or a business, you'll sign an affidavit of death and present it to the party.
Affidavit of Service
This sworn testimony verifies that you have delivered certain documents to another individual. An example is an official summons issued by a court due to a lawsuit.
Affidavit of Small State
When a spouse or a close relative dies without a will, someone needs to settle property matters and distribute assets among the potential beneficiaries. In an affidavit of a small estate, the signer testifies under oath about the statements made about the estate value. For such affidavits, people usually hire the services of a mobile notary public, to get their documents notarized at their location.
Affidavit of Domicile
If someone nominated you as their estate executor, you will need an affidavit to verify his/her primary residence after their death. An affidavit of domicile is usually required to transfer ownership of properties such as stocks and securities.
Affidavit of Identity
In financial matters with banks and other financial institutes, you need to verify your identity. An affidavit of identity serves as sworn testimony to verify whom you claim to be.
Affidavit of Title
During a real estate transaction, an affidavit of title would be required to prove that you own a specific property that is not bankrupted. It also confirms that the buyer is the only recipient of the property.
Irrespective of the type of affidavit you’ve been asked to submit, remember that it must be notarized to be valid. The notary public confirms that you have signed the document in their presence. Pittsburgh Notary Services can assist with your affidavits that may need to be notarized. Contact them today at 412-387-7973 to discuss your situation.